Easy-to-read definitions

Here you can find explanations of some words in easy-to-read.

Click on the word to read its definition.

Abuse

Accessible

CERMI

Chair

Civil Rights

Commissioner at the European Union

Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe

Complex Support Needs

Constitution

Council of Europe

Council of the European Union

Culture

Deinstitutionalisation

Disability High Level Group

Discrimination

Easy-to-read

Election

EPSA

European Disability Forum

European Commission

European Economic and Social Committee

European Parliament

European Pillar of Social Rights

European Union

General Comment

Guardianship

Human Rights

Inclusion Europe

Inclusion International

Inclusive education, training, employment

Independent living

Institutions

Intellectual disability

Legal capacity

Manifesto

Mental Health Europe

NGO

Political party

Rape

Self Advocacy

Social Media

Supported decision making

UN CRPD

UN CRPD Committee

United Nations

 

Abuse

Abuse is when someone treats you badly.
This can be that the person shouts at you.
This can also be that the person hurts you or is violent in another way.

 

Accessible

Something that is easy to use for people with disabilities.
Such as:

  • Ramps to get into a building.
  • Information in easy-to-read.
  • Information in sign language.

 

CERMI

CERMI is the Spanish Committee of Representatives
of Persons with Disabilities.
We call it CERMI for short.

Lots of organisations for people with
different types of disabilities are part of CERMI.
CERMI represents more than 3.8 million women and men with disabilities in Spain.
CERMI works to ensure the inclusion of women and men with disabilities in society.

Chair

The person in charge of a meeting or of an organisation.

Civil Rights

Civil rights are rights that all people in a country have.

 

Commissioner at the European Union

A Commissioner is a person who is responsible for a field of work
at the European Commission and manages a lot of people.

 

Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe

The Commissioner for Human Rights is part of the Council of Europe.
The Commissioner makes sure people understand and respect human rights.
The Commissioner visits the countries who take part in the Council of Europe,
to talk to people about human rights.

 

Complex Support Needs

Complex support needs are when a person with disabilities needs help in different and complicated ways.

 

Constitution

The constitution of an organisation is a text that says several things about an organisation, for example:

  • the goals of the organisation
  • who can become a member
  • how the people in the organisation work together and make decisions.

 

Council of Europe

The Council of Europe is an organisation made up different European countries.

It has 47 members.

The Council of Europe works for human rights and equality for all in Europe.

The Council of Europe does not make laws.
It can just make countries follow some international agreements.

 

Council of the European Union

The Council of the European Union
is where the national ministers from the countries of the European Union meet.

They meet to adopt laws and talk about politics in the European Union.

 

Culture

Culture is the ideas and behaviour of a group of people.
These ideas are shown through art, music, theatre, food and other things.
All these things are part of a culture.

 

Deinstitutionalisation

Deinstitutionalisation is helping people to move out of institutions.

It is when the people who lived in institutions get help
so they can live independently in the community.

 

Disability High Level Group

The Disability High Level Group is a group of experts.

It wants to make sure that different people work together well.

This concerns these people:

  • People who work for the European Commission.
  • People who work for the member states of the European Union.
  • People who work for organisations who fight for the rights of persons with disabilities.

 

Discrimination

Discrimination means that you are treated unfairly or that you do not get the chances you deserve.
It is discrimination when it happens because of your disability.
It can also happen to other people.
For example people who have a different skin colour. Or older people.

 

Easy-to-read

Easy to read is information that is written in a simple way
so that people with intellectual disabilities can understand.

It is important to use simple words and sentences.
If there are words that are difficult to understand, an explanation is provided.

The text needs to be clear to see,
for example, black writing on a white background is good.
It needs to well-spaced.

Easy-to-read often uses pictures to explain what the text talks about.

Someone with an intellectual disability needs to
check the information is easy to understand.

Easy-to-read documents often have this logo,
so it is easier to find them.

There are rules on how easy-to-read should be done.
You can read the European standards of easy-to-read information here.

 

Election

Elections decide who should speak for us and make choices for us.
Elections happen in different areas.
For example in your town or city when you can elect a new mayor.
Or in your country when you can elect a new president.

 

EPSA

The European Platform of Self-Advocates is made up of
organisations of self-advocates from different countries in Europe.

We call it EPSA for short.

It is a part of Inclusion Europe.

 

European Commission

The European Commission works with the European Parliament.

The European Commission suggests laws for the European Parliament
and the Council of the European Union to discuss.

It also makes sure that the laws that have been decided upon are being followed by the member states.

 

European Disability Forum

The European Disability Forum is an organisation of people with disabilities in Europe.
In short, we call it EDF.
EDF was created by people with disabilities in 1996.
EDF works to protect the rights of people with disabilities in Europe.
EDF is based in Brussels in Belgium.

 

European Economic and Social Committee

The European Economic and Social Committee
is an organisation in the European Union.

The European Economic and Social Committee
is called the ‘EESC’ for short.

The EESC connects civil society
with the European Union.

Civil society is made up of groups and organisations
that represent citizens with different interests.

 

European Parliament

The European Parliament is a place where important decisions of the European Union are made.

For example: laws and budgets.

The Members of the European Parliament (in short, MEPs) make these decisions
and represent all the people who live in the European Union.

Every five years, the people who live in the European Union vote for their country’s MEPs.

 

European Pillar of Social Rights

The European Pillar of Social Rights is a statement signed by

the European Commission, European Parliament

and Council of the European Union.

It aims to make sure people in the European Union have rights about:

  • Getting a job.
  • Being treated properly at work.
  • Getting money when you can’t work and being part of the community.

 

European Union

The European Union (in short, EU) is a group of 28 countries.

We call these countries “member states”.

They have joined together to be stronger politically and economically.

The EU makes laws on many important things for the people who live in those countries.

The EU makes laws in different areas. Some examples are:

  • Laws to protect the environment.
  • Laws for farmers.
  • Laws to protect consumers.
    A consumer is someone who buys things.

 

General Comment

A General Comment is when an organisation like the United Nations

explains the different words and ideas that they use.

 

Guardianship

Guardianship allows some people to make life choices for others.

The person who makes choices for you is your guardian.

Your guardian can decide things for you, like where you live.

Sometimes, people under guardianship are not allowed to vote, get married, or take care of their kids.

 

Human Rights

Human Rights are the rights that every person should have.

For example, the right to live.

Or the right speak your mind.

 

Inclusion Europe

Inclusion Europe is an organisation for people with intellectual disabilities and their families.

We fight for their equal rights and inclusion in Europe.

We also want to make a difference to policies in Europe.

We started in 1988.

We have 71 members in 38 European countries.

We are based in Brussels in Belgium.

 

Inclusion International

Inclusion International is an organisation for

people with intellectual disabilities and their families.

It fights for their equal rights and inclusion in all aspects of life.

It started over 50 years ago.

It has 200 members in 115 countries all over the world.

Inclusion International is based in London in the UK.

 

Inclusive education, training, employment

Inclusive education, training or employment means that people with intellectual disabilities

can learn and work together with other people without disabilities.

 

Independent living

Independent living means that people with intellectual disabilities
live in the community and have support to do what they want.

They also can:

  • Choose with whom and where to live.
  • Decide how they want to spend their time.
  • Have the same experiences as all other people.

 

Institutions

Institutions are places where people with intellectual disabilities live
with other people with intellectual disabilities.

They live apart from other people. This is what we call “segregated”.

Sometimes this happens against their will.

The people who live in institutions have to follow the rules of the institution
and cannot decide for themselves.

 

Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability means having less ability than others

to understand information and to use new skills.

This makes it more difficult to manage some parts of life.

Intellectual disability often starts before you are an adult.

It affects you for your whole life.

There are things that can make life easier for people with intellectual disabilities.

For example, information in easy-to-read language.

 

Legal capacity

Capacity is when you can make a decision or choice at one moment.

There are laws about how to decide if someone has capacity.

Then it is called legal capacity.

Legal capacity means that people with intellectual disabilities can do things on their own.

This is what they can do:

  • Make choices about their lives.
  • Get married, start a family and raise children.
  • Sign contracts (also working contracts).
  • Have a bank account.
  • Control their money and property.
  • Make decisions about their health.
  • Take part in politics and have the right to vote.

 

Manifesto

A manifesto is a text that explains the goals of a person or an organisation.
It is often made before an election
by a person or organisation that wants to be elected.
Everyone can read it.

 

Mental Health Europe

Mental Health Europe is an organisation
that works on the topic of mental health.

Mental health means how healthy your mind is.

Mental Health Europe represents people who have problems with their mental health
and people who work with mental health.

It is based in Brussels in Belgium.

 

NGO

NGOs are groups of people that work together.
These groups are not connected with the government of any country.
NGOs are often non-profit organisations.
That means, they are trying to do something other
than make money for the people who run them.

 

Political party

A political party is a group of people who think the country should be run in a certain way.

 

Rape

Rape is when someone forces another person to have sex with them.

 

Self Advocacy

Self-advocacy is when people with intellectual disabilities speak up for themselves.

 

Social Media

Social media is websites and apps that let you create and share content.

For example, photos, videos and information.

Apps is short for applications.

These are tools that let you use social media on a mobile phone or tablet.

 

Supported decision making

Supported decision making means that people with intellectual disabilities can make life decisions
with the support of another person without disabilities.

This is what they can get support with:

  • Make choices about their lives.
  • Start a family and raise children.
  • Sign contracts (also working contracts).
  • Have a bank account.
  • Controlling their money and property.
  • Make decisions about their health.
  • Take part in politics and have the right to vote.

 

UN CRPD

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with  Disabilities (in short, UN CRPD)
is an important document.

It tries to make sure that the rights of people with disabilities are respected.

 

UN CRPD Committee

The United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
(in short, the CRPD Committee)
is a group of people that check what countries do
to make sure the rights of persons with disabilities are respected.

 

United Nations

The United Nations is an international organisation.

They are at different places:

In New York, in the United States of America. And in Geneva, in Switzerland.

They work for peace and security everywhere in the world.