Easy-to-read definitions

Here you can find explanations of some words in easy-to-read.

Click on the word to read its definition.

Abuse

Accessible

Civil Rights

Commissioner at the European Union

Council of the European Union

Disability High Level Group

Discrimination

Election

European Disability Forum

European Commission

European Parliament

European Union

Guardianship

Inclusion International

Inclusive Education, Training, Employment

Independent Living

Legal capacity

NGO

Political party

Separate Institutions

Supported decision making

UN CRPD

UN CRPD Committee

United Nations

 

Abuse

Abuse is when someone treats you badly.

This can be that the person shouts at you.

This can also be that the person hurts you or is violent in another way.

 

Accessible

Something that is easy to use for people with disabilities.

Such as:

  • Ramps to get into a building.
  • Information in easy-to-read.
  • Information in sign language.

 

Civil Rights

Civil rights are rights that all people in a country have.

 

Commissioner at the European Union

A Commissioner is a person who is responsible for a field of work
at the European Commission and manages a lot of people.

 

Council of the European Union

The Council of the European Union
is where the national ministers from the countries of the European Union meet.
They meet to adopt laws and talk about politics in the European Union.

 

Disability High Level Group

The Disability High Level Group is a group of experts.

It wants to make sure that different people work together well.

This concerns these people:

  • People who work for the European Commission.
  • People who work for the member states of the European Union.
  • People who work for organisations who fight for the rights of persons with disabilities.

 

Discrimination

Discrimination means that you are treated unfairly or that you don’t get the chances you deserve.

It is discriminations when it happens because of your disability.

It can also happen to other people.

For example people who have a different skin colour. Or older people.

 

Election

An election is when each person who is 18 years old or older goes to vote.

Elections decide who should speak for us and make choices for us.

Elections happen in different areas.

For example in your town or city when you can elect a new mayor.

Or in your country when you can elect a new president.

 

European Commission

The European Commission works with the European Parliament.

The European Commission suggests laws for the European Parliament
and the Council of the European Union to discuss.

It also makes sure that the laws that have been decided upon are being followed by the member states.

 

European Disability Forum

The European Disability Forum is an organisation of people with disabilities in Europe.

In short, we call it EDF.

EDF was created by people with disabilities in 1996.

EDF works to protect the rights of people with disabilities in Europe.

EDF is based in Brussels in Belgium.

 

European Parliament

The European Parliament is a place where important decisions of the European Union are made.

For example: laws and budgets.

The Members of the European Parliament (in short, MEPs) make these decisions
and represent all the people who live in the European Union.

Every five years, the people who live in the European Union vote for their country’s MEPs.

 

European Union

The European Union (in short, EU) is a group of 28 countries.

We call these countries “member states”.

They have joined together to be stronger politically and economically.

The EU makes laws on many important things for the people who live in those countries.

The EU makes laws in different areas. Some examples are:

  • Laws to protect the environment.
  • Laws for farmers.
  • Laws to protect consumers.
    A consumer is someone who buys things.

 

Guardianship

Guardianship allows some people to make life choices for others.

The person who makes choices for you is your guardian.

Your guardian can decide things for you, like where you live.

Sometimes, people under guardianship are not allowed to vote, get married, or take care of their kids.

 

Inclusion International

Inclusion International an international organisation for people with an intellectual disability. It was founded more than 50 years ago.

Inclusion International works to protect the rights of people with intellectual disabilities worldwide.

Inclusion International is based in London in the UK.

 

Inclusive Education, Training, Employment

Inclusive Education, training or employment means that people with intellectual disabilities can learn and work together with other people without disabilities.

 

Independent Living

Independent living means that people with intellectual disabilities can choose with whom and where to live.

They also can:

  • Live in the community.
  • Decide how they want to spend their time.
  • Have the same experiences as all other people.

 

Legal capacity

Capacity is when you can make a decision or choice at one moment.

There are laws about how to decide if someone has capacity.

Then it is called legal capacity.

Legal capacity means that people with intellectual disabilities can do things on their own.

This is what they can do:

  • Make choices about their lives.
  • Get married, start a family and raise children.
  • Sign contracts (also working contracts).
  • Have a bank account.
  • Controlling their money and property.
  • Make decisions about their health.
  • Take part in politics and have the right to vote.

 

NGO

NGOs are groups of people acting together,
but not connected with the government of any country.
NGOs are often non-profit organizations.
That means, they are trying to do something other
than make money for the people who run them.

 

Political party

A political party is a group of people who think the country should be run in a certain way.

 

Separate Institutions

Institutions are places where people with intellectual disabilities live
with other people with intellectual disabilities.

They live apart from other people. This is what we call “separate”.

Sometimes this happens against their will.

The people who live in institutions have to follow the rules of the institution
and cannot decide for themselves.

 

Supported decision making

Supported decision making means that people with intellectual disabilities can make life decisions
with the support of another person without disabilities.

This is what they can get support with:

  • Make choices about their lives.
  • Start a family and raise children.
  • Sign contracts (also working contracts).
  • Have a bank account.
  • Controlling their money and property.
  • Make decisions about their health.
  • Take part in politics and have the right to vote.

 

UN CRPD

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with  Disabilities (in short, UN CRPD)
is an important document.

It tries to make sure that the rights of people with disabilities are respected.

 

UN CRPD Committee

The United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
(in short, the CRPD Committee)
is a group of people that check what countries do
to make sure the rights of persons with disabilities are respected.

 

United Nations

The United Nations is an international organisation.

They are at different places:

In New York, in the United States of America. And in Geneva, in Switzerland.

They work for peace and security everywhere in the world.